منتديات الأهراس للتعليم الثانوي
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تاريخ التسجيل : 02/12/2012

مُساهمةموضوع: مجموعة نصائح لتصبح اكثر ذكاء وتميزا   الأحد ديسمبر 02, 2012 11:21 pm




Definition:
 The word “adverb” comes from Latin “adverbium” which means “added word”.
 An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, another adverb or a sentence.
 Adverbs usually tell us how somebody does something, or how something happens.
Sorts of Adverbs:
 There are many kinds of adverbs:
Adverbs of manner: they tell us how something happens.
-Quickly, slowly, kindly, bravely, badly, well, happily...
Adverbs of frequency: they tell us how often something happens.
-Usually, often, always, never, seldom, sometimes, rarely, occasionally...
Adverbs of degree: they tell us about the degree or intensity of an action, an adjective, or another adverb.
-Almost, nearly, very, too, quite, rather, enough, too, just, hardly...
Adverbs of certainty: they express how sure somebody is about an action.
-Certainly, definitely, probably, surely, undoubtedly...
Adverbs of place: they tell us where something happens.
-Nowhere, somewhere, everywhere, here, there, anywhere...
Adverbs of time: they tell us when something happens, or for how long.
-Today, yesterday, tomorrow, now, soon, later, yet, then...
Form of Adverbs:
 Many adverbs are made from adjective + ly..

Adjective Quick Serious Careful Heavy Bad Terrible Slow
Adverb Quickly Seriously Carefully Heavily Badly Terribly Slowly


Remark: not all words ending in –ly are adverbs. Some adjectives end in –ly too:
Friendly – lively – lonely – silly - lovely

 Some words can be used either as adverbs or as adjectives:
-Deep, early, late, fast, hard, low, loud, near, high


Position of Adverbs:
Adverbs of manner: they always follow the direct object or the verb if there is no object.
-I opened the door slowly.
-Please listen carefully.
-Tom was driving fast.
Adverbs of frequency:
•They are placed before the simple tenses of the verb but after the simple tenses of the verb “to be”.
-Tom is always late.
-Tom always gets home at half past eleven.
-She seldom takes her breakfast.
•They take place between the auxiliary verb and the main verb.
-I have never seen this man before.
-You can always count on me.
Adverbs of degree: they are placed before the adjective, the verb or the adverb they modify.
-He played football very badly.
-It is too cold to go out.
-She almost fainted when she saw the burglar.
Adverbs of certainty:
•They are placed before the simple tenses of the verb but after the simple tenses of the verb “to be”.
-She definitely left the house by the end of July.
-Alex is probably in Paris.
•They take place between the auxiliary verb and the main verb.
-She has certainly forgotten our meeting today.
-my parents will surely come to visit me at the weekend.
Adverbs of place: they follow the direct object or the verb if there is no object.
-Come here!
-I have been looking for him everywhere.

Adverbs of time: they are placed either at the beginning or the end of the sentence.
-Soon Jane will go to the university.
-Jane will go to the university soon.

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